Shinyaeva Olga Viktorovna, Doctor of sociological sciences, professor, head of sub-department of political sciences, sociology and public relations, Ulyanovsk State Technical University (32 Severny Venets street, Ulyanovsk, Russia), email@example.com
Poletaeva Olga Vladimirovna, Postgraduate student, Ulyanovsk State Technical University (32 Severny Venets street, Ulyanovsk, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The relevance of the study of workers employed in non-traditional forms of wage labor is associated with rapid development of the information eco¬nomy and growth of a group of people in the Russian regions not officially registered at employment organizations. The purpose of this article is to identify the demographic and qualification structure of freely employed people in provinces of the Volga region, and the prospects for their influence on development of the socio-labour situation.
Materials and methods. The analysis is built on the basis of generalization of the results of the national studies, processing and interpretation of the author's survey of the working population of the Ulyanovsk and Samara regions, the Republic of Tatarstan. The problem is investigated from the standpoint of structural-functional and axiological approaches that allow to freely determine the share of the freely employed, to study their composition and content of professional activity.
Results. Based on the research results, the work highlights two types of freely employed people in the surveyed regions. The first type is permanent freelancers (15 % of the total employed population) have high human potential, value reputation, positive views about the future. The second type is temporary freelancers (35 %), solve current problems by combining jobs. An increase in the share of permanent freelancers and their impact on the economy of regions is possible under condition of development of information technologies and improvement of legal and social protection of these workers.
Conclusions. Features of freely employed people in provinces of the Volga region of Russia allow to represent them as a group having a significant educational capital, occupied in promising industries, but not facilitating a stable social status. They differ from other groups of employees by values and behavioral characteristics; the freely employed constitute a new potential of the middle class of regions in conditions of economic modernization and globalization of the labor market.
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